All About Dosha Types: Vata, Pitta, Kapha

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Michael Caine
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According to Ayurvedic science, the human body is made up of five elements: water, fire, earth, air, and space. Ayurveda is a 5000 years old science that has a medicinal and holistic approach to life. Moreover, Ayurveda talks about balance in mind and body. Further, it also takes different dosha types into consideration, namely, Vata, Pitta, Kapha doshas.

Different Dosha Types

Let’s have a brief look at the description of different dosha types. Read about vata pitta kapha.


Vata dosha type combines air and space elements. Since it controls the body’s life-force, thus, Vata dosha is known as the ‘king of doshas’. Moreover, Vata dosha gives a push and movement to the other two dosha types in your body.


Fire and water are the two dominant elements in the Pitta dosha. Because of the presence of fire element, this signifies the energy of digestion and metabolism. Bile, enzymes, stomach fluids, and other organic acids are a few mediums to transfer energy.


Water and earth form the basis of the Kapha dosha. Water is the dominant element that leads to building, nourishing, and lubricating your body. Kapha energy is responsible for lubrication of your joints, regeneration of muscle tissues, and accumulation of energy in the body.

Dosha Types And Physical Built

Vata Body Type

People with dominant Vata dosha have an underdeveloped physical body. The body frame is skinny with little to no fat on the body. Moreover, Vata dosha dominance leads to a faster metabolism. Hence, people with this dosha type find it hard to gain muscle mass or fat.

Pitta Body Type

Pitta dosha results in an average build body frame with more muscles and lesser fat. Further, people with this type of yoga doshas have a reddish complexion. Soft skin and silky hair are other benefits of having a Pitta-dominated yoga dosha body. People with this kind of dosha can easily gain or lose weight. However, they are generally on the athletic side.

Kapha Body Type

People with dominant Kapha yoga dosha are well built. However, they have a slower metabolism. Hence, it leads to the accumulation of excessive fat on their bodies. They have a broad chest and oily skin. Slower digestion tends to make them fat and sleepy.

Dosha Types And Exercises


With little body frame, people having Vata yoga dosha are generally very energetic and athletic. Hence, they are faster on their feet that ensure they can participate in any type of sports or game. Moreover, they can easily do intensive exercises, can practice intense yoga forms, and still remain injury-free & energetic.


With better muscle development and body control, they are elites when it comes to the physical performance of the Pitta body. Since they have a faster metabolism, they have limited energy. Hence, people with Pitta dosha are advised to practice intermediate yoga styles and exercises to remain on the better side. Moreover, they need to plan their physical and eating routine accordingly so that they remain more efficient.


With larger built, it becomes very difficult sometimes for people with Kapha dominant body to participate in any kind of sports or activities. Moreover, their chances of going off balance are more since it is hard to control such a large body. However, they are good with strength training or games that require raw power.

Issues Linked With Dosha Types

Any imbalance in one of the yoga doshas (Vata Pitta Kapha) can lead to minor or serious physical or mental issues. Let’s have a look at them. Keep reading.


  • Dryness of skin or scalp
  • Insomnia that could lead to headaches
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Sciatica pain
  • Stomach issues
  • Stress
  • Tooth Loss


  • Inflammation of the stomach
  • Various skin disorders
  • Acid reflux
  • Bad breath
  • Herpes
  • Jaundice
  • Low blood sugar levels


  • Cough
  • Loss of appetite
  • Indigestion
  • Drowsiness
  • Goitre
  • Respiratory Disorders
  • Joint disorder


Vata, Pitta, Kapha are the three primary dosha types. If you want to learn more and that too from yoga experts, you should enroll in a Yoga Alliance certification in India. This way, you’ll learn how to balance your yoga dosha by practicing various yoga practices.

Just make sure you practice consistently. Be mindful of what you eat and have at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep. Hence, you live a healthy and peaceful life.

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